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La forma passiva - The passive voice

Grammatica > Il passivo

Uso         Forma      Esercizi

Uso
La forma passiva
(passive form) dei verbi inglesi si usa:

  • per mettere in evidenza l’azione o il suo risultato. Spesso l’autore dell’azione (rappresentato dal complemento d’agente) non è espresso. In italiano la forma passiva è spesso espressa con il si “impersonale”

     La mela è mangiata da John
     An apple pie is made
by John

  • quando l’azione è più importante di chi la compie:

     Quel vecchio edificio è stato restaurato lo scorso anno
     That old building was restored
last year.

  • descrizioni scientifiche, tecniche o accademiche:

     In quella fabbrica vengono prodotti occhiali di ottima qualità.
     High quality glasses are made
in that factory.

  • per dare ordini, istruzioni, regolamenti:

    Il parcheggio non è consentito in questa piazza.
    Parking is not allowed
in this square.

  • Nell’inglese informale, si può costruire la forma passiva con una forma del verbo get + participio passato quando si parla di qualcosa che capita inaspettatamente o per caso

     John fu punto da un’ape.
     John got stung
by a bee.

Trasformazioni del verbo

Tempo

Forma attiva

Forma passiva

Present simple

John locks the car.

The car is locked by John.

Present continuous

They are washing the car.

The car is being washed.

Past simple

They made a cake.

A cake was made.

Past continuous

They were watching a film.

A film was being watched.

Present perfect

Someone has eaten the apple pie.

The apple pie has been eaten.

Past perfect

They had stolen a radio.

A radio had been stolen.

Future simple

They will pay you soon.

You will be paid soon.

Future with be going to

They are going to drink beers.

Beers are goint to be drunk.

Future perfect

They will have locked the door.

The door will have been locked.

Present conditional

I would buy that house.

That house would be bought.

Past conditional

I would have bought that house

That house would have been bought.

Modals

They can drive the car.
We must eat
that meat soon.

The car can be driven.
That meat must be eaten
soon.

Present infinitive

I need to repair the car.

The car needs to be repaired.

Past infinitive

You ought to have paid the car soon.

The car ought to have been paid.

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